Case Report

Angiographic treatment of the arteriovenous malformation occurred after caesarean section

  • Selim Büyükkurt
  • Cansun Demir
  • Fatma Tuncay Özgünen
  • Cüneyt Evrüke
  • Ümran Küçükgöz Güleç
  • Önder Başeğmez
  • Oktay Kadayıfçı

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2009;6(1):58-60


Uterine arteriovenous malformations are classified as acquired or congenital. Caesarean section which is performed more frequently on nowadays, uterine curettage and other uterine surgeries are the most common causes of the acquired arteriovenous malformations.


Twenty-two years old woman delivered her second child by caesarean section, due to history of caesarean section, was admitted with complaint of profuse vaginal bleeding 15 days after the surgery. She demonstrated the clinical features of the hypovolemic shock. At first she treated with four units of red blood suspension, two units of fresh frozen plasma and rapid infusion of the fluids. On endometrial curettage only blood and coagulum were obtained. The bleeding could only be controlled by the internal pressure of the 18 F Foley catheter.

Doppler analyze of the uterus revealed a vascular malformation signifying a turbulent flow pattern with low pressure and high flow rate. A unilateral uterine artery embolization was performed her and her menstruel cycles are resumed at the fifth month of the puerperium.


The clinical presentation of the uterine arteriovenous malformations depends on the localization and the dimensions of the malformation. The uterine arteriovenous malformation should be kept in mind in cases of late occurrence vaginal bleeding unresponsive to the uterotonic medications, especially in a woman with previous history of uterine damage, such as curettage or caesarean section.

Keywords: Acquired arteriovenous malformation, embolization, invasive radiology, caesarean section\r\n